Physical and Chemical Properties:
|Physical state and appearance ||Colorless Liquid |
|Odor ||Pleasant. Odor resembling that of a mixture of ethanol and acetone |
|Molecular Weight ||60.1 g/mole |
|Boiling Point ||82.5°C (180.5°F) |
|Critical Temperature ||235°C (455°F) |
|Flash point ||11.667°C |
|Specific Gravity ||0.78505 (Water = 1) |
|Water/Oil Dist. Coefficient ||The product is equally soluble in oil and water; log(oil/water) = 0.1 |
|Dispersion Properties ||See solubility in water, methanol, diethyl ether, n-octanol, acetone |
|Solubility ||Easily soluble in cold water, hot water, methanol, diethyl ether, n-octanol, acetone. Insoluble in salt solution. |
|Purity (wt %) ||99.915 |
|Water content (wt %) ||0.0134 |
|Acidity as acetic acid (wt %) ||0.0009 |
|Distillation range at 760 mm Hg ||82.1~82.6 |
|Non-volatile matter ( mg/100 ml) ||1.02 |
- It is used in Synthetic polymers, such as phenolic varnishes and nitrocellulose lacquers.
- It is used in Cements, primers, paints, and inks.
- It is used in Manufacturing of electronic parts, for metals and photographic films and papers, in glass cleaners, liquid soaps & detergents, and in aerosols.
- Pharmaceutical products: embrocations, massage solutions.
- It is used in Insect repellants, hair sprays, deodorants, air-fresheners.
- Medical and veterinary products: antiseptics, foot fungicides, first aid and medical vapour sprays, skin soothers, veterinary pink eye, wound, and dehorning sprays, house and garden type insecticides.
- Isopropyl is produced by combining water and propene. There are two processes for achieving this: indirect hydration via the sulfuric acid process, and direct hydration. The former process, which can use low-quality propene, predominates in the USA while the latter process, which requires high-purity propene, is more commonly used in Europe.
- These processes give predominantly isopropyl rather than 1-propanol because the addition of water or sulfuric acid to propene follows Markovnikov's rule.
- The indirect process reacts propene with sulfuric acid to form a mixture of sulfate esters. Subsequent hydrolysis of these esters produces isopropyl. Direct hydration reacts propene and water, either in gas or liquid phases, at high pressures in the presence of solid or supported acidic catalysts.